My question is which requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley act can be supported by AI solutions either fully or partially or not all because it requires human judgement and explicit confirmation by management ?
AI automation potential: fully partially human-centric
SOX Compliance Assessment Checklist / Auditing Dashboard
1. Risk Assessment and Prioritization:
1.1 Has a risk assessment process been conducted to identify high-risk areas ?
1.2 Are risks associated with financial reporting documented and prioritized ?
1.3 Is there a process to update risk assessments periodically based on changing circumstances ?
2. Control Design and Documentation:
2.1 Are internal controls designed to mitigate identified risks ?
2.2 Is there documentation for each internal control in place ?
2.3 Are control objectives, activities, and responsibilities clearly defined ?
2.4 Are control owners identified for each control ?
3. Control Implementation:
3.1 Have controls been implemented and integrated into business processes ?
3.2 Is there evidence of control implementation and adherence ?
4. Control Testing and Monitoring:
4.1 Are controls tested periodically to assess their effectiveness ?
4.2 Are testing methodologies well-defined and consistently applied ?
4.3 Is there ongoing monitoring to identify control exceptions and anomalies ?
5. Documentation Retention and Management:
5.1 Is documentation related to controls and compliance activities retained for the required timeframe?
5.2 Is documentation easily accessible and organized for audit purposes ?
6. Reporting and Communication:
6.1 Are compliance reports generated at appropriate intervals ?
6.2 Do reports include control testing results, deficiencies, and actions taken ?
6.3 Is there communication with relevant stakeholders about compliance status ?
7. Remediation and Improvement:
7.1 Are control deficiencies identified during testing promptly addressed ?
7.2 Is there a process for creating and implementing remediation plans ?
7.3 Are lessons learned from deficiencies used to improve controls ?
8. Auditor Collaboration and Coordination:
8.1 Is there effective collaboration between internal and external auditors ?
8.2 Are audit findings and recommendations communicated clearly to management ?
8.3 Is there coordination to ensure that audit activities are efficient and thorough ?
9. Technology and Automation:
9.1 Are technology solutions, including AI, used to enhance compliance activities ?
9.2 Are automated systems used for control testing, monitoring, and reporting ?
10. Training and Awareness:
10.1 Are employees and relevant stakeholders trained on their roles in SOX compliance ?
10.2 Is there awareness of compliance requirements throughout the organization ?
11. Continuous Improvement:
11.1 Is there a process for evaluating the effectiveness of the SOX compliance program ?
11.2 Are improvements and adjustments made based on lessons learned and changing risks ?
12. Regulatory Changes and Updates:
12.1 Is the organization informed about changes in SOX regulations and related guidelines ?
12.2 Are compliance activities adjusted to accommodate new or revised regulations ?
13. Data Security and Privacy:
13.1 Are data security measures in place to protect sensitive financial information ?
13.2 Is access to financial data appropriately controlled and monitored ?
14. Executive Oversight and Accountability:
14.1 Is there executive ownership and accountability for SOX compliance ?
14.2 Are regular updates provided to the board of directors or audit committee ?
15. Independent Auditing:
15.1 Are external auditors engaged to conduct an independent assessment of SOX compliance ?
15.2 Are audit findings addressed and improvements implemented based on external audit recommendations ?
This checklist provides a starting point for assessing your organization's Sarbanes-Oxley compliance. Adapt it to your specific business processes, controls, and industry requirements. Regularly review and update the checklist to reflect changes in regulations, processes, and organizational structure.